The Nationaal Monument is the memorial to all the Dutch who died during WWII. It becomes a focal point for remembering the dead (Dodenherdenking) on May 4 every year when queenie and the pm come and lay wreaths here. Unveiled in 1956 the 22 metre obelisk was designed by J.J.P. Oud and is decorated with sculpted figures.
The two lions fronting the memorial are national symbols and imbedded in the wall behind are urns containing earth from each Dutch province and the colonies of Indonesia, Antillies and Surinam. The Latin text reads "Here where the heart of the Fatherland lies may the memorial, that citizens carry in their deepest hearts, look up to the stars of God."